Over the years, most of us have chosen the team we belong to – night owls and morning larks. Most of us have also remained the proud advocates of each side. Meanwhile, scientists have been busy finding the correlation between each type of sleep patterns and their impact on our health.
Naturally, there have been extensive claims on which is a healthier version of lifestyle. On top of that, both sleep habits have showcased their own pros and cons related to our health. Moreover, scientists have remained interested in finding the impact of these sleep pattern on the eating habits. This area is what is known as chrono-nutrition.
Now, researchers have conducted an elaborate review of these studies and published their findings in the journal Advances in Nutrition. The analysis has unearthed the link between sleeping habits, eating, and health.
Here are some of the main takeaways:
Impact on your sleep cycle and health
Sleeping late usually means that there is an increased exposure to artificial light. This disrupts the circadian rhythm or sleep-wake cycle, which controls your sleep. As the circadian rhythm is impacted, your health also takes a toll.
Some of the areas that can be affected by this include your blood pressure, cyclical metabolic processes, lipid metabolism, and glucose control.
Impact on your eating habits
There’s evidence that indicates the eating late at night means that you eat more. This ante up the risk of obesity. At the same time, those who eat late during the day, eat at less regular intervals and they are more likely to skip their breakfast.
Having a breakfast is associated with kick starting your metabolism, which helps maintain your weight. Plus, night owls tend to consume more caffeinated products as well as more sugar and alcohol. The vegetable and grain intake tends to go down. Plus, this category of people ate bigger meals. All this adds to the risk of diabetes type II and diabetes.
Increased risk of diabetes type II
As mentioned above, night owls are at a greater risk of diabetes as compared to other people who follow a regular schedule. One of the studies reviewed concluded that people who are late sleepers are at a 2.5 times risk of type II diabetes in contrast with early risers.
What happens is that the fluctuation in the sleep cycle affects glucose metabolism. This can possibly lead to diabetes type II. The glucose levels tend to be low throughout the day and by the evening, the levels can be at their lowest level.
The researchers also went on to say that night owl’s schedule can also affect the way a person manages his diabetes. They outlined, “Our review also found that people who have a poorer control of their diabetes are more likely to be evening types.”
Summing up, findings are still inconclusive. On top of that, the health impacts strictly depend on every person’s lifestyle. Hence, it is hard to make any definite statements.