Exercise comes with scores of health benefits which is why experts recommend getting 150 minutes of it weekly. It helps build muscles, melt fats, improves mental as well as cardiovascular health. Most people think that how much time they dedicate to exercise is all that counts. However, there are several others factors as well that influence exercise results.
Quite a few studies have found that exercising early in the morning is more advantageous. The National Sleep Foundation recommends working out immediately following waking up for better sleep. The journal Obesity published a study earlier this year which said that early morning exercise was better for weight loss.
Now a new study credits exercising before breakfast for better health. Researchers from the University of Bath and University of Birmingham have conducted this research work. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism has published this study.
Altering Your Eating And Exercising Time To Derive Greater Health Benefits
According to this new study, exercising before eating breakfast can help improve blood sugar markers. By changing how the body responds to insulin, this change in routine lowers the risks of diabetes type 2 and cardiovascular disease. The team of scientists found that exercising before breakfast burned a higher amount of calories.
About 2x more fat was burned than in those who exercised after having breakfast. The explanation behind this is that insulin levels are lower after the fast of the night. This allows more fat from fat tissue and within muscles to work as fuel.
For the purpose of the study, participants were divided into three groups. The first one exercised before breakfast, the second did so after while the third didn’t make any lifestyle changes. The trail continued for six weeks before scientists drove conclusions. All the participants were either obese or overweight and male.
Findings Of The Study
Researchers didn’t notice any difference in weight loss among participants. However, they found that exercising before breakfast improved health as the body better responded to insulin and kept blood sugar under control. This effect can reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
Though food consumption and training sessions matched in both groups, those who exercised before, their muscles were more responsive to insulin. Furthermore, key proteins’ levels were also higher, particularly those proteins which transported glucose from the blood to the muscles. For those who exercised after breakfast, their insulin response wasn’t better than the control group.
Co-author of the study, Gareth Wallis said, “This work suggests that performing exercise in the overnight-fasted state can increase the health benefits of exercise for individuals, without changing the intensity, duration or perception of their effort.”
Researchers now aim to conduct long-term studies to see if these benefits stand. They also want to conduct similar research on women to see if they can benefit as men can. This study suggests the importance of exercising before breakfast.