Extensive research has made it clear that sugar increases the risk of developing diabetes type II. This could be sugar from any source including the simple sugars present in fruits or the artificial sugars that are present in sweetened beverages.
However, new research concludes that consuming sugars present in the fruits does not add to the risk of diabetes type II. What’s more, the study also found that eating sugary fruits may even be healthy for preventing diabetes. Here are more details on the findings of this latest study.
The Study Details
The review is published in the journal BMJ. The review evaluated 155 nutritional studies. This summed up to a participant pool of 5,086 people that covered both patients with diabetes and healthy individuals.
The investigation measures how the blood glucose levels responded from various fructose sources. The follow-up averaged between 1 to 76 weeks.
The Finding of the Study
The research found out that artificial sugars present in the beverages are responsible for increasing your risk of diabetes type II. These sugars disturb your blood sugar and insulin levels.
The research, however, claims that sugar from natural sources such as fruits, fruit juices and more are less likely to increase the risk related to diabetes type II as compared to the sugar present in sweetened beverages.
This is true even as the researchers noted that fruits that have a high sugar content also contain a lot of calories. Generally speaking, when sugars provide excess calories, they reach a finale of adverse metabolic effects. This antes up the risk of diabetes.
The researchers noted that fruits containing sugar are healthy, whereas, sugars in the sweetened items tend to exhibit poor nutritional value as well. The lead author of the study, a staff physician in the division of endocrinology and metabolism at St. Michael’s Hospital and an associate professor in the department of nutritional sciences at the University of Toronto in Canada, John Sievenpiper, MD, Ph.D., explained further.
He pointed out, “You don’t have to worry about adding more fruit to your diet. In fact, fruits showed benefit for blood sugar control. We have a certain amount of discretionary calories, but our study results show you don’t have to worry about sugar in fruit.”
The researchers further elaborate on this. The fructose or simple sugars present in natural sources such as fruits comes in the soluble fiber format. This slows the absorption of fructose, which yields several benefits including reduced bad (LDL) cholesterol levels.
This study makes it clear that consuming sugars is not harmful concerning the increased risk of diabetes type II. It is the sweetened beverages that you need to avoid though. The American Diabetes Association has been clear on this too.
It discourages the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages such as sweet tea, energy drinks, soda, fruit punch, and more. Such drinks increase your blood sugar levels and also chip in weight gain. Therefore, it is best to avoid them or in the very least reduce their intake.