Narcissistic Personality Disorder – Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

Narcissistic personality disorder is a psychological condition in which affected individuals believe that they are superior to everyone else. This disorder is characterized by outward arrogance while on the inside, a narcissist struggles with self-worth issues. Such a person lacks empathy and thinks that he deserves special attention while at heart he has low confidence and may even entertain suicidal thoughts.

Symptoms Of This Disorder

A narcissist is not difficult to spot even though he may forcefully disagree that he is a narcissist. The condition comes with obvious signs. A narcissist craves attention. He believes he is above others, a trait that makes him think he is more important and deserving of special treatment. He only socializes with people he believes are superior too as he doesn’t like to associate himself with those who he believes are lesser than him.

He may also lack empathy and be unable to connect with people emotionally. An individual struggling with NPD is envious of others. He strives for perfection which is why he is competitive. He also believes that he is perfect and doesn’t have any flaws. Even if he knows he does, he doesn’t admit them out loud. Apart from thinking that he is superior, a narcissist fantasizes about being more so. He wants fame, money, power, and richness to kiss his feet.

A person with this psychological condition is arrogant on the outside but he actually has a very fragile ego. He feels shame and guilt and is insecure. He is also vengeful, a quality fueled by his jealousy and competitive spirit. A narcissist doesn’t want to feel helpless or powerless. Apart from being rude and haughty, he may also be abusive, aggressive, and demeaning. Narcissism can also lead to depression and may open up suicidal thoughts as well.

Causes Of The Disorder

There can be three causes behind the development of this order. The first one is the environment in which one has grown up or lives. People who are spoiled, praised or criticized a lot may become narcissists. Genetics can also play a role in making one narcissistic. If someone in the family tree has NPD, he can pass it down to another person. What’s more, the brain’s neurology, the chemical connections in the brain can also be responsible for NPD’s development.

Treatment Options

A narcissist is unlikely to seek treatment because he doesn’t see any flaws in himself. Regardless of that, psychotherapy can be used for the treatment of the mental disorder. Without treatment, narcissism can interfere in all aspects of one’s life from personal to professional as narcissists have a hard time maintaining healthy relationships. Currently, no medications are used for treating this disorder. Some lifestyle changes may be able to help.

Take Home Message

Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by feelings of superiority, arrogance, and other traits. Narcissists are haughty and think highly of themselves. However, on the inside they struggle with low self-esteem. NPD can develop due to genetics, the brain’s neurology, and one’s environment. It can be treated with the help of psychotherapy and lifestyle changes.