In the United States, stroke is the third leading cause of death. More than 140,000 people die each year because of stroke. Apart from causing death, stroke is also the leading cause of disability. Typical symptoms of stroke include face drooping, slurred speech, and weakness or numbness in one half of the body. Sometimes a mini stroke can also be confused for a stroke.
A mini stroke or TIA is the temporary loss of blood circulation to the brain. A mini stroke has the same symptoms such as a stroke, however, its effects don’t last longer than 24 hours. TIAs can also cause permanent disability. Mini strokes are often warning signs that a full-fledged stroke may occur within a few months.
This is why it is necessary to give treatment on an emergency basis. Unfortunately, awareness regarding TIAs is limited. Many people even ignore the symptoms because they are temporary and never get their health checked which puts their health at more risk. Hypertension is the biggest risk factor of stroke.
A new study has found that women are less likely to be diagnosed with TIAs than men even when they report similar symptoms. Below is more on this research work.
What Did This Study Reveal?
A new study, which was conduced by researchers from the University of Calgary, found that women are less likely to be diagnosed with TIA compared to men even when they report the same symptoms when in the emergency department.
For the purpose of this study, researchers looked at 1,648 patient profiles who were suspected to have had a minor stroke and had been referred to a neurologist after being given emergency care between the years 2013 to 2017 despite what their final diagnosis was.
The research said that both men and women told the doctor similar symptoms for instance dizziness, confusion or tingling. The study also found that the risk of getting another stroke or a heart attack within 90 days of having a transient ischemic attack was same for both men and women.
Researchers think that the difference in diagnosis of the symptoms of stroke between men and women could be because of incorrect interpretation by doctors or because of the incorrect description of symptoms by patients.
Senior author of this study, Dr. Shelagh Coutt said, “Our study also found the chance of having another stroke or heart attack within 90 days of the diagnosis was the same for women and men.” Further research on this matter is still needed.
Scientists also think that clinicians and the general public need to be more aware of the typical symptoms of stroke. An accurate diagnosis of a TIA can be helpful in preventing further health crisis.
Detecting a minor stroke when it happens and immediately getting emergency treatment is crucial in order to prevent a stroke. A new research reveals that women are less likely to be diagnosed with the disease despite reporting symptoms similar to those that men report. Hence, more awareness regarding these strokes needs to be spread.