Health

Sugary Beverages Increase Type 2 Diabetes Risk, Says New Study

The BMJ journal recently published a report that discussed how sugary beverages, specifically soda, are linked to higher cancer risk. Another study, that the Circulation journal published, found that sugary drinks increase risk of cardiovascular mortality.

Numerous researchers have shed light on the harmful effects of excess intake of sugary drinks. Not only do such drinks raise risk of obesity, they also damage tooth enamel. Diet soda is not safe either. Another recent study said that diet soda shares a link with higher risk of death. Sugary drinks also up the risk of developing metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

Now a new study  has found that sugary beverages of any kind can moderately up the risk of type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Care journal has published this research work. The odds of developing the ailment bump higher whether the consumption is of added sugar beverages or natural sugar drinks such as 100% fruit juices. Replacement of sugary drinks by artificially sweetened drinks didn’t reduce this risk.

Scientists only noted a decrease in risk when water, tea or coffee replaced one daily serving of a sugary drink. This study  is the first of its kind. It looks at the long-term effects of consuming any type of sugary beverage. The report stresses on the importance of decreasing intake of sugary drinks and consuming tea and water instead.

Sugary Beverages And Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

For the purpose of this study, researchers analyzed the data of 192,000 males and females. These individuals were participants of three long-term studies. The data was of about 22 to 26 years. In it, the changes of sugary drinks’ intake were measured through the questionnaires that the participants had filled every four years.

Scientists adjusted factors which could affect the results. These included the body mass index, lifestyle and dietary habits of participants. Following are findings scientists made:

  • Drinking more than 4 ounces of any type of sugary beverage was linked to a 16% higher risk of diabetes in the next four years.
  • Drinking more than 4 ounces of artificially sweetened beverages raised risk of type 2 diabetes by 18%. However, researchers did say that findings regarding the consumption of artificially sweetened drinks did have limitations.
  • Replacing one daily serving of a sugary drink with tea, coffee or water lessened diabetes risk by 2 to 10%.

Senior author of the study, Frank Hu, Fredrick J. Stare said, “The study results are in line with current recommendations to replace sugary beverages with noncaloric beverages free of artificial sweeteners. Although fruit juices contain some nutrients, their consumption should be moderated.”

Sum Up

Time and again researchers have warned against the excess consumption of sugary beverages. From alcoholic drinks to soft drinks and fruit juices, there are health risks that can rise.

A new study has found that consuming both natural and artificially sweetened drinks shares a link with higher risk of developing diabetes type 2. However, this risk is lowered when a sugary beverage is replaced with water or tea.