Osteoporosis is a bone condition that mainly affects women. However, it does have male victims too. The disease is increasingly common among young adults as well. Previously, it used to impact women after they crossed their menopause. The numbers have, however, increased.
Here are some vital facts that you need to know about osteoporosis
- Osteoporosis Is A Bone Condition That Causes Holes In The Bones
This bone condition is characterized by porous bones or bones with hollowed-out structures. Your body either produces less bones or reduces too much bone. As a result, your bones become weak.
- The Word Comes From Latin
The word, osteoporosis, originates from Latin. It translates into “porous bones.” When you view affected bones under a microscope, they will appear as honey-combs. This is because your bones are hollowed out due to loss of bone.
- There Are Several Cases of The Bone Disease
On a global scale, there are over 200 million people who suffer from osteoporosis. Every year, the disease causes over 8.9 million fractures. As a consequence, there is a new case of osteoporotic fractures every 3 seconds.
Zooming into the US, there are over 44 million men and women over the age of 50 that have osteoporosis. This is about 55% of the population in the US that is aged 50 or above.
- Osteoporosis Is More Common Among Women Than Men
More women tend to develop this bone disease than men. This is chiefly due to the hormone, estrogen. The hormone is responsible for regulating the reproductive cycle among females.
At the same time, it is responsible for helping maintain healthy and strong bones. However, women experience a drop in their estrogen levels when menopause strikes. As a result, they are more likely to suffer from bone loss and osteoporosis.
Plus, WebMD states that teens and young women who exercise a lot and have a thin body frame show increased odds of not having menstrual periods. Such a condition is called as amenorrhea and it can also decline the levels of estrogen, which increases the risk of the bone disease.
- Osteoporosis Is A Silent Predator
The bone disease can affect without being too obvious about its symptoms. Some of the signs that can help you pick osteoporosis in its early stages include receding gums, weakened strength to grip, and weak and brittle nails.
- Some Medicines Can Increase Your Risk Of Osteoporosis
The National Osteoporosis Foundation highlights that some medications can increase your risk of bone loss. These medicines include:
- Aluminum-containing antacids
- Steroids like prednisone and cortisone
- Some anti-seizure medicines such as Phenobarbital
- Cancer drugs for chemotherapy
- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) like Nexium®, Prilosec®, and Prevacid®
- Vitamin D Deficiency Can Also Cause Osteoporosis
The mineral that maintains your bone health is calcium. However, the nutrient that makes it useful to the bones is vitamin D. It helps calcium to get absorbed by the bones. Without it, calcium is not absorbed, which weakens your bones. Therefore, make sure that you take in both calcium and vitamin D for improved bone health and keeping osteoporosis at bay.